Daycare Park Education – A daycare park or commonly called an orphanage is very useful for entrusting your child if no one takes care of your child or you don’t have the money to live it
Basically TPA is an educational institution. In the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 20 of 2003 concerning the National Education System (Sisdiknas), its position is confirmed as a non-formal institution. This is stated in Article 24 Paragraph 4.
According to the article, early childhood education in the form of non-formal education is in the form of Play Groups (KB), Child Care Parks (TPA), or other equivalent forms. Based on this statement, it is clear that TPA is not only a daycare center but also an educational institution.
As an educational institution, TPA should be guided by the principles of education. One of these principles is stated in Article 4 Paragraph 5 of the Republic of Indonesia Law Number 20 of 2003. According to this article, education is carried out by developing a culture of reading, writing, and arithmetic for all members of the community.
The problem is that this principle is contrary to one of the provisions in the Regulation of the Minister of Education and Culture (Permendikbud) RI Number 18 of 2018 concerning the Provision of Early Childhood Education Services. The provisions referred to in Article 9 Paragraphs 2 and 3.
In Article 9 Paragraph 2 of the Minister of Education and Culture Number 18 of 2018 it is stated that learning in PAUD is aimed at optimizing the entire development potential of children by not prioritizing reading, writing, and arithmetic abilities.
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Meanwhile, Article 9 Paragraph 3 states that learning in PAUD does not use a scholastic approach that forces students physically and psychologically to have the ability to read, write, and count.
The two provisions above are clearly at odds with the principle of providing education in Article 4 Paragraph 4 of the Republic of Indonesia Law Number 20 of 2003. On the one hand, based on this article, education must develop a culture of reading, writing, and arithmetic for students. Whereas in Article 9 Paragraphs 2 and 3 of the Minister of Education and Culture Number 18 of 2018 developing a culture of reading, writing, and arithmetic is taboo in PAUD.
In addition, there is one thing that is difficult to deny, namely that children at an early age are more focused on playing than learning. This is explicitly stated in Article 9 Paragraph 1 of the Minister of Education and Culture Number 18 of 2018. In this article it is stated that learning in PAUD is carried out using a child-centered approach in the context of playing in accordance with the level of achievement of children’s development.